- Caprimulgus macrurus
25–29 cm (9¾-11½ in)
- Greyish-brown upperparts, with blackish-brown streaks
Andaman Nightjar C. andamanicus has been split from C. macrurus (Sangster & Rozendaal, 2004; Clements, 2007; Gill & Wright, 2008).
There are 6 subspecies:
- C. m. albonotatus:
- C. m. bimaculatus:
- C. m. johnsoni:
- South Philippines (Palawan, Busuanga and Culion)
- C. m. salvadorii:
- North Borneo, Labuan, Balambangan, Banguey and southern Sula islands
- C. m. macrurus :
- C. m. schlegelii:
They use a variety of habitats, showing a preference for areas with trees, mostly deciduous woodland and bamboo.
Their diet consists almost entirely of flying insects, such as moths, crickets, wasps and grasshoppers.
An unlined nest is made on ground. Their clutch contains 2 pale cream eggs, with brown spots. Incubation by female lasts 21–22 days; fledging period is about three weeks.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Sangster, G. and Rozendaal, F. G. (2004) Systematics on Asian birds, 41. Territorial songs and species-level taxonomy of nightjars of the Caprimulgus macrurus complex, with description of a new species. Zool. Verh. 350: 7-45.
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)
- Animalia Life
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Large-tailed Nightjar. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Large-tailed_Nightjar