- Chondestes grammacus
14.1â€“18.3 cm (5Â˝-7 in)
A long-tailed sparrow
- Dark-streaked brown back
- White underparts with dark central spot
- Chestnut cheeks and crown sides
- White eyebrow and crown stripes
- White corners on dark tail
- Yellowish or pink-grey bill
- Dull legs
- Sepia or brown iris
- Streaked underparts
Southern Canada, the USA, and northern Mexico.
Open habitats including grazed grasslands, bare and cultivated ground, plains and areas with scattered trees.
Two subspecies are recognized:
- C. g. grammacus breeds in the eastern portion of the speciesâ€™ range west to Wisconsin and Minnesota, south through eastern Nebraska and eastern Kansas to northeast Texas. Chestnut head markings and plumage are darker than
- C. g. strigatus, which breeds west of grammacus, in south-western Canada and western US to northern Mexico; winters to southern Mexico.
The nest is a grass cup, protected by vegetation such as a clump of grass. The clutch consists of 3-6 eggs
which are white with black scribbles.
Their diet consists mostly of seeds, supplemented with insects, such as beetles and grasshoppers.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)
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