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Nashville Warbler - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Leiothlypis ruficapilla)
Western Nashville Warbler
Photo by jvhigbee
Location: Robinson Canyon, Washington, USA
Leiothlypis ruficapilla

Vermivora ruficapilla
Oreothlypis ruficapilla


4 inches. Thin, very pointed bill, white eye ring, yellow throat, breast, and undertail coverts, white belly, olive upperparts, grey head; the head of female and immature is duller, more olive.


Eastern birds have the mantle green while the mantle is greyish in western subspecies.


Nominate L. r. ruficapilla
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Goose Island State Park, Rockport, Texas, USA, 18 April 2021

Canada and northeastern United States, from central Alberta east to central Quebec south to northern Minnesota, Michigan, New York and Connecticut as well as along the Appalachians south to West Virginia; Western United States, from British Columbia and southwestern Saskatchewan south to southern California. Found in migration anywhere in the United States except rare in Montana, Wyoming and Florida.

Throughout Mexico except for Baja California, Yucatan, and extreme south.


Two subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • L. r. ruficapilla

South-central Canada to east-central [USA]]; winters Mexico to central Honduras

  • L. r. ridgwayi

Mountains of southwestern USA; winters to southwestern Mexico

It was formerly included in Vermivora or in Oreothlypis.

Recent results indicate that the two subspecies may not be each others closest relatives (Virginia's Warbler intertwined).


Open mixed woods and bog habitats. Riparian woodlands in the west.


They build an open cup-shaped nest on the ground under shrubs.

Diet includes insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. R. T. Chesser, K. J. Burns, C. Cicero, et al. (2019) Sixtieth Supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American Birds, The Auk: Ornithological Advances XX:1–23. PDF
  3. 51st supplement to the AOU checklist of North American birds
  4. Birdforum thread discussing the evidence for splitting Nashville warbler

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.