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Lesser Black Coucal - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Black-billed Coucal; Black Scrub Coucal, Bernstein's Coucal

Centropus bernsteini

Identification

46 - 52cm.

  • Black plumage, glossed green above
  • Dark brown eye
  • Black bill
  • manam is larger

Sexes similar. Juveniles are barred rufous above, their wings and tail are narrowly barred buff to pale chestnut, the throat whitish, the neck marked with chestnut-brown, the central belly is grey with dark bars, the rest of the underparts is blackish brown with narrow pale barring.

Distribution

Endemic to New Guinea.
Not uncommon but little known.

Taxonomy

Forms a superspecies with Pheasant Coucal and Biak Coucal.
Two subspecies recognized:

  • C. b. bernsteini in western and central New Guinea east to Simbang and the Sattelberg
  • C. b. manam on Manam Island (northeastern New Guinea)

Habitat

Found in scrub, tall cane grass and rank vegetation. Occurs from sea-level up to 500m, sometimes higher.

Behaviour

Shy and difficult to observe.

Diet

No information.

Breeding

The nest is a domed mass made of cane grass with a side opening. It's placed in grass. Lays 2 egg.

Movements

This is a resident species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221

Recommended Citation

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