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Lesser Florican - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, July 2016
Sypheotides indicus


Male 46 cm (18in); female 51 cm (20 in)

  • Around 4 or 6 upward curving black plumes behind the head
  • White upper wing coverts
Breeding display
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Naliya grasslands Kutch, Gujarat, India, Auug 2007


Asia: found in Nepal, Pakistan and India.


This is a monotypic species[1].

Eupodotis vs. Sypheotides

Some authorities (Sibley & Monroe, 1996) lump the genus Sypheotides within Eupodotis. However, Clements (2007) and Howard & Moore (2003) have split Sypheotides as a separate genus, and the Opus follows in this consensus.


Open grasslands.

Conservation Status

Classified as Endangered in the 2007 IUCN Red List (BirdLife International, 2007). This is because the population is small and declining as a result of loss of and changes in its grassland habitat.



They are mainly vegetarian, eating seeds, grass, herbs, shoots and berries, though they also eat grasshoppers and beetles.


Timing of breeding depends on the monsoon. The male displays by jumping into the air above the grass level. The nest is on bare ground.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)

BirdLife International (2007) Species factsheet: Sypheotides indicus. Downloaded from [http://www.birdlife.org] on 21/2/2008.

Recommended Citation

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