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25â€“29 cms (9Â¾-11Â½ in)
Females are slightly smaller, but otherwise similar.
Their scientific name "citreogularis" means yellow throat but it is only the juveniles that have it.
There are 3 subspecies:
Four other subspecies: occidentalis, breda, carpenteriae, johnstoni are not recognised by all authorities.
Open forests, tropical and eucalypt woodlands, near rivers; swamp-woodlands; mangroves; orchards, parks, gardens.
Their diet is mainly invertebrates and nectar, also flowers, fruit and seeds. They choose shady treetops to forage in.
Both parents build the nest, a large deep open cup, which is lined with soft materials such as fine grass, always associated with water. The female alone incubates the eggs, but both parents feed the young.
In the south only as a summer breeding migrant, elsewhere somewhat nomadic.
They have a variety of calls and can be rather noisy. Their calls are not well documented.
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