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Long-billed Cuckoo - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Little Long-billed Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx megarhynchus

Identification

18cm.

Male

  • Dark brown upperparts
  • Black head
  • Dull greyish brown underparts
  • Red eye-ring and eye
  • Long black bill with drooping tip

Female

  • Dark cinnamon upperparts
  • Dark grey-brown head
  • Rufous buff breast and belly finely barred, lower breast cinnamon
  • Dark brown eye with narrow cream outer ring

Juveniles have cinnmaon upperparts, a pale grey and brown face and a dark eye-ring.

Distribution

Found in New Guinea and adjacent islands (Aru Islands and Waigeo).
Rare and local.

Taxonomy

Two subspecies recognized:

  • C. m. megarhynchus in New Guinea (Vogelkop and interior of northern coast east to Kumusi River) and Aru Islands.
  • C. m. sanfordi on Waigeo Island

sanfordi is only known from one specimen and not always recognized.
Formerly placed in genus Rhamphomantis.

Habitat

Moist tall lowland forest.
Occurs in lowlands.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on insects. Takes mainly caterpillars and flying ant.
Forages by gleaning prey from foliage, bark or branches.

Breeding

Not known. A female with egg in oviduct ready to lay was caught in September.

Vocalisation

A loud, distinct trill, a descending series of evenly spaced notes, lasting four seconds.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221

Recommended Citation

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