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Long-billed Dowitcher

From Opus

Breeding PlumagePhoto © by NeilPalo Alto, California, May 2006
Breeding Plumage
Photo © by Neil
Palo Alto, California, May 2006
Limnodromus scolopaceus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Non-breedingPhoto © by postcardcv Hayle, Cornwall, UK, February 2006
Non-breeding
Photo © by postcardcv
Hayle, Cornwall, UK, February 2006

24–30 cm (9½-11¾ in)

  • Yellowish-green legs
  • Long straight dark bill, slightly distally de-curved
  • Tail has a black and white barred pattern with narrow white bars and broader dark bars.
  • Prominent supercilium
  • Noticeable white wedge up the back and trailing edge to wing

Breeding

  • Dark brown upperparts
  • Salmon-red underparts including undertail coverts
  • Spotted throat
  • Barred sides of breast and flanks

Winter

  • Mostly grey
  • White lower belly

Juvenile
Fine rusty fringing to mantle lacking internal markings on tertials.

[edit] Similar species

In non-breeding plumage very similar to Short-billed Dowitcher. Breeding Long-billed has more extensively colored underparts and has barring on the side of the breast while Short-billed is spotted on the breast. Juvenile plumage very different with Short-billed having much broader more extensive internal markings on mantle and tertials than Long-billed. At all seasons, best distinguished by voice.

[edit] Distribution

Photo © by Stanley JonesEstero Llano Grande State Park, Weslaco, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2017
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Estero Llano Grande State Park, Weslaco, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2017

Breeds in Siberia and Alaska; winters from southern U.S. to Panama.

Regular vagrant to Europe, particularly Britain and Ireland.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Although preferring fresh water habitats, they can also be seen in estuaries, mud flats, saltwater wetlands, reservoirs, and sewer ponds.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Actions

Probes with an up-and-down action often described as like a sewing machine.

[edit] Breeding

They nest on the ground, usually near water.

[edit] Diet

Diet mainly consists of small crustaceans, molluscs, insects and marine worms, but includes some plant material as well. They forage by probing in shallow water or on wet mud.

[edit] Vocalisation

Common call is a squeaky high pitched note or series of notes, recalling Sanderling.

[edit] Movements

Migratory. Southward migration through North America usually later than Short-billed Dowitcher; winters on West Coast, southern USA and Mexico.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Chandler, R. (2009). Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia: A photographic guide. Princeton Univ. Press.
  3. Takekawa, J. Y. and N. D. Warnock (2000). Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.493
  4. Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53886 on 21 February 2020).
  5. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, January 18). Long-billed dowitcher. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:31, February 21, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Long-billed_dowitcher&oldid=936406427
  6. Grant, P.J., K. Mullarney, L. Svensson, D. Zetterstrom (1999) Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. Harpercollins Pub Ltd ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  7. BirdForum Member observations

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