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Loten's Sunbird

From Opus

Male, subspecies hindustanicusPhoto © by Dr JP MenonManjolai, Western Ghats, South India, 8 August 2012
Male, subspecies hindustanicus
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Manjolai, Western Ghats, South India, 8 August 2012

Alternative name: Long-billed Sunbird

Cinnyris lotenius

Nectarinia lotenia


[edit] Identification

12 cm (5-5ΒΌ in)

  • Purple with a grey-brown belly
  • Long down-curved bills
  • Brush-tipped tubular tongue

[edit] Distribution

Female, subspecies loteniusPhoto © by arunpManipal, South India, 11 April 2010
Female, subspecies lotenius
Photo © by arunp
Manipal, South India, 11 April 2010

Asia: found in India and Sri Lanka

[edit] Taxonomy

This is one of the many Sunbirds that have recently been moved to the genus Cinnyris from the genus Nectarinia.

[edit] Subspecies

Cinnyris lotenius has two subspecies[1]:

  • C. l. hindustanicus:
  • Southern peninsula India (north to Bombay and Andhra Pradesh)
  • C. l. lotenius:

[edit] Habitat

Common in forests, cultivation and urban gardens

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of insects, spiders and nectar.

[edit] Breeding

They construct a suspended pouch nest from lichen, rootlets, grass, moss, leaves, etc. The clutch contains 2-3 brownish-white eggs with dull brown spots at small end.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Cheke, R. and C. Mann (2020). Loten's Sunbird (Cinnyris lotenius), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

[edit] Recommended Citation

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