• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Marshall's Iora - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: White-tailed Iora

Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, March, 2009
Aegithina nigrolutea

Identification

Female
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, February, 2009

12-13cm.

  • Black crown and nape
  • Broad yellow collar with narrow black fringes
  • Black wings with broad white wing-bar and broad white edges on tertial centres
  • Black tail with broad white tip
  • Bright yellow underparts
  • Dark eye
  • Non-breeding males similar to females

Female

  • Pale yellow green head
  • Green mantle
  • Grey uppertail

Immatures like females

Similar species

Smaller than Common Iora which has an no pale tips on tail and a pale eye.

Distribution

Found in the plains of northern India south to Gujarat. Locally also in Tamil Nadu, one record from Sri Lanka. Possibly overlooked.
Locally common in northwest India, scarce in other parts of its range. Pakistan and India

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
It is sometimes considered conspecific with Common Iora.

Habitat

Thorny acacia jungle, scrubby groves and gulleys. Occurs in lowlands and plains.

Behaviour

Feeds on insects and their larvae. Forages in pairs or alone, joins mixed-species flocks after breeding season.
Breeding season in June and July in Gujarat. The nest is a small, neat cup, placed low in a bush. Lays 2-3 eggs.
A resident species.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334726
  3. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672

Recommended Citation

External Links

Top