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Masked Water Tyrant

From Opus

Photo © by Rogerio Araújo Dias Brasilia- Brazil
Photo © by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasilia- Brazil
Fluvicola nengeta

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo © by Celso ParisSorocaba, Sao Paulo, SE Brazil, 2015
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, SE Brazil, 2015

14·5–15 cm (5¾-6 in)

  • White overall plumage
  • Black eye-stripe and wings
  • White-tipped black tail
  • Brownish-grey tinge on back
  • Dark iris

The plumage pattern shows an interesting example of convergent evolution in its similarity to some Eurasian wheatears.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Ecuador, Peru and Brazil

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are accepted[1]:

  • F. n. atripennis:
  • F. n. nengeta:
  • Eastern Brazil (Maranhao to Minas Gerais and north-eastern São Paulo)

The two subspecies are separated by over 3,500 km, and may be better treated as separate species[2].

[edit] Habitat

Lowland marshy and shrubby areas near water, and rice fields.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects which they forage for on the ground. They also run across floating vegetation.

[edit] Breeding

There is very little known. The male displays by bobbing and spreading his tail.

[edit] References

  1. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2004. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334696
  3. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)

[edit] External Links

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