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Flappet Lark

From Opus

Photo by nkgrayNear Kolwezi, DRC, November 2008
Photo by nkgray
Near Kolwezi, DRC, November 2008
Mirafra rufocinnamomea

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length 14-15 cm, mass 21-32 g.

Similar to the Rufous-naped Lark, but smaller and darker with rufous-edged wings. Tail is distinctive and a key identification feature, being narrow, often appearing untidy, and having dark brown central rectrices and rufous outer ones.

[edit] Variation

Some subspecies are very dark above

[edit] Distribution

Probably subspecies torridaPhoto by scarle nick scarleSerengeti NP, Tanzania, November 2017
Probably subspecies torrida
Photo by scarle nick scarle
Serengeti NP, Tanzania, November 2017

Sub-Saharan Africa:
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and Zaire
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal and Swaziland.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Considerable geographic variation; 15 subspecies have been described[1]:

[edit] Habitat

Grasslands and grassy openings in woodlands and savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually solitary or in pairs.

[edit] Diet

Forages on the ground for invertebrates and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

Monogamous and territorial. The nest is a domed or partly domed structure built of grass on the ground. Two to three eggs are laid (October to April in southern Africa).

[edit] Action

Display flight is distinctive if witnessed - two to five bursts of wing-clapping (prrrrt prrrt-rrrt), sometimes followed by a thin, barely audible whistle, delivered as the bird circles in an undulating flight.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  3. Birdforum thread showing one of the dark forms of Flappet Lark

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links

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