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Namaqua Dove - BirdForum Opus

Male, Subspecies capensis
Photo © by AJDH
Damman, Saudi Arabia
Oena capensis


Photo © by volker sthamer
Awash, Ethiopia, February 2017

28 cm (11 in)

  • Black forehead, face, throat and front of breast, with narrow greyish-white edging
  • Bluish-grey neck sides, remained of head, breast and wing-coverts
  • White belly
  • Chestnut primaries
  • Long black tapered tail
  • Yellow and red bill

Female lacks the black and has a red-based grey bill
Young birds are similar to the female, but have dark blotches on the wings and shoulders.


Sub-saharan Africa (with Madagascar), Socotra and the Arabian Peninsula.


It is the only species in the genus Oena.


Juvenile, Subspecies capensis
Photo © by AJDH
Badaan Farm, Bahrain

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • O. c. capensis:
  • O. c. aliena:


Dry deciduous forest, brushland, scrub, semi desert and desert, savanna. Farm land, palm orchards, open woodland. Reed beds and brackish water.



They construct a stick nest in a bush. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs, which are incubated by the female for 16 days.


Their diet includes mainly small grass and herb seeds.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links