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New Britain Friarbird

From Opus

Alternative names: Bismarck Friabird; Bismarck Friarbird; New Britain Friabird; New Britain Leatherhead

Philemon cockerelli

Contents

[edit] Identification

33-35 cm. A large, drab honeyeater with a long neck and a heavy, decurved bill.

  • Plain dull dark brown above
  • Strongly contrasting, fluffy silvery grey collar on hindneck and side of neck, meeting pale brownish-grey chin and throat
  • Large dark grey to blackish-brown bare patch on lores and most of side of head
  • Narrow dense and hair-like dark brown to blackish malar stripe running below bare facial patch and continuing onto rear ear-coverts
  • Pale brownish-grey chin and throat bordered below by slightly darker gorget across upper breast, indistinct mottling or streaking on lower throat to upper breast
  • Very pale grey-brown rest of underparts
  • Plumages becoming much paler brown with wear
  • umboi is slightly larger and has a heavier bill

Sexes similar, male larger than female. Juvenile like adult but wing and tail washed with olive, duller greyish-white collar and brownish-grey side of breast with yellowish wash.

[edit] Distribution

Islands of the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea.
A common to abundant restricted-range species.

[edit] Taxonomy

Two subspecies recognized:

Formerly sometimes treated as subspecies of Helmeted Friarbird.

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes. Also in cleared and disturbed areas, gardens and plantations.
Occurs from lowlands up to 1600 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on nectar and arthropods.
Forages mainly in the canopy, often seen in flowering trees (like mistletoe). A noisy and conspicuous bird, usually singly or in pairs, sometimes in small flocks.

[edit] Breeding

Probably breeds in late dry season to wet season on northern coast and in middle of dry season on south coast. The nest is a cup made of dry stems of vines and grass. It's suspended between branches, concealed by foliage, usually more than 10 m above the ground in a tree.

[edit] Movements

Probably a resident species with some local movements.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)

[edit] External Links

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