Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
North Island Kokako
38 cm (about 15 in), 230g (8 oz).
Sexes similar. The juvenile has small pinkish wattles, a smaller facial mask and a dull brown wash over the plumage.
 Similar Species
The similar South Island Kokako has orange wattles. It reportedly became extinct by 2007 with the last confirmed sighting in 1967.
Endemic North Island, New Zealand. Very rare on the mainland, mainly found on some small offshore islands like Tiritiri Matangi. In 2008 the global population was 769 breeding pairs which steadily increased to 1400 pairs by 2014. As a consequence it is now listed as Near Threatened by IUCN. Increases where intensive conservation is practised, still declining elsewhere. Predation by introduced Black Rat, Stoat, Feral Cats and Common Brushtail Possum main cause for decline, but also habitat fragmentation.
Lowland podocarp-tawa hardwood forest with diverse understorey. Occurs from sea-level up to 900m.
Secretive. Usually seen in pairs, singly or in family groups. A sedentary species.
Feeds on leaves and fruit. Takes also flowers, buds, nectar and invertebrates. Changes from one abundant food source to another throughout year.
Breeding season in austral spring and summer, sometimes in early autumn when food abundant. Up to three or four broods a year. The nest is a cup-shaped structure made of coarse twigs and bound together with moss or lichens. It's placed in a tree fork, the top of a tree-fern or among mass of lianas, mostly in understorey or subcanopy. Lays 1 - 3 eggs.
Famous for its hauntingly beautiful song, given all year. A loud 30-second sequence of rich, slow, organ-like notes is produced by both sexes (sometimes in duet). The birds start to sing at sunrise and continue for some 60 to 90 minutes.
 External Links