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North Moluccan Pitta - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Moluccan Pitta

Erythropitta rufiventris

Identification

16 - 18cm.

  • Brown head with reddish-brown crown and brighter reddish nape
  • Small contrasting red patch on nape
  • Dark green mantle and back
  • Dull dark green to dull blue rump and tail
  • Deep blue upperwing-coverts, black flight-feathers, variable small white spots on primaries
  • Pale brown throat
  • Broad glossy blue band across breast with thin black and greenish band below
  • Scarlet rest of underparts
  • Black bill
  • cyanonota with bright rufous nape, dull blue upperparts, pale buffy-brown cheeks and throat and entire breast pale blue (sometimes with thin black line below breast
  • bernsteini slightly bigger than cyanonota, paler above and the blue of the breast is silvery

Females are duller and more green and less blue on breast. Juveniles are dull brown above and have a dull blue rump and tail.

Distribution

Found on Halmahera and other islands in the North Moluccas, (Indonesia)
Common and widespread on Obi islands and Bacan, recorded in low densities on Halmahera.

Taxonomy

Three subspecies recognized:

  • E. r. rufiventris on Morotai, Halmahera, Kasiruta, Bacan, Moti, Damar and Obi islands
  • E. r. cyanonota on Ternate Island (North Moluccas)
  • E. r. bernsteini on Gebe Island (east of Halmahera)

Formerly included in Red-bellied Pitta.

Habitat

Lowland evergreen forest. Also in secondary habitats.
Recorded up to 2100 m on Bacan.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on insects and their larvae, earthworms and some plant material.
Forages mainly on the ground.

Breeding

The domed nest is made of twigs and leaves, grass and ferns. It's mostly placed on the ground or low in scrub or a tree. Some nests were placed 10m above the ground. Lays 2 eggs.

Movements

Probably a sedentary species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2016. IOC World Bird Names (version 6.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504

Recommended Citation

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