- Cardinalis cardinalis
Photo by tetoneon
New Jersey, USA
, July 2015
Male 22â€“23Â·5 cm (8Â˝-9ÂĽin), female 21â€“21Â·6 cm (8ÂĽ-8Â˝ in)
All ages and sexes have a crest and large, conical bill
- All red with black mask and chin
- Wings have some gray
- Orange bill
- Brown overall with some red in wings, face, and tail
- Red bill
Similar to female but bill is dark instead of red.
United States and Mexico.
There are 18 subspecies:
- C. c. superbus: Extremee California to Arizona, south-western New Mexico and northern Sonora
- C. c. seftoni: Central Baja California (south to latitude 27Â°N)
- C. c. igneus: Southern Baja California (north to latitude 27Â°N)
- C. c. clintoni: Isla Cerralvo (Gulf of California)
- C. c. townsendi: Isla TiburĂłn (Sea of CortĂ©s) and adjacent coastal Sonora
- C. c. affinis: Western Mexico (south-eastern Sonora to south-western Chihuahua and western Durango)
- C. c. sinaloensis: Coastal western Mexico (Sinaloa and Jalisco)
- C. c. mariae: Tres MarĂas Islands (off western Mexico)
- C. c. carneus: (Long Crested) Coastal western Mexico (Colima to Isthmus of TehuĂˇntepec)
- C. c. cardinalis: Eastern US
- C. c. floridanus: South-eastern Georgia and peninsula Florida
- C. c. magnirostris: South-eastern Texas and southern Louisiana
- C. c. canicaudus: Western Oklahoma and western Texas to east-central Mexico
- C. c. coccineus: Eastern Mexico (eastern San Luis PotosĂ, Veracruz, north-eastern Puebla and n Oaxaca)
- C. c. littoralis: Lowlands of eastern Mexico (southern Veracruz and Tabasco)
- C. c. yucatanicus: South-eastern Mexico (YucatĂˇn Peninsula)
- C. c. flammiger: South-eastern Mexico (southern Quintana Roo), Belize and PetĂ©n of northern Guatemala
- C. c. saturatus: Cozumel Island (off Quintana Roo)
Suburban Woodlands and parks, mixed forests and forest edges, back yards, high desert.
Winter flocks can be very large, up to 60 or 70 individuals in areas of abundance.
Their diet consists mostly of fruit and berries, buds, seeds and flowers, insects being included during the summer.
The shallow cup-shaped nest is constructed mainly by the female from twigs, bark, grass and leaves. The clutch consists of 3-4 eggs which are incubated for 12-13 days. The young fledge at about 10 days. The youngsters are generally looked after by the male.
There may be a second brood.
Song: a clear whistling song. Females will sing along with the male.
It appears there may be varying accents in different localities.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BF Member observations
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