- Accipiter gentilis
46–63 cm (18-25¾ in) Robust bird
- Long narrow tail
- Short rounded wings
- Bold white eyebrow
- Blue-grey above
- Black crown
- Pale underparts finely barred with grey
Immature Brown above and streaked below
In America, breeds from Alaska east through Mackenzie and northern Quebec to Newfoundland, and south to New Mexico, Great Lakes, and New England; also southward to northern Appalachians. Winters south to Virginia and Southwest.
There are 8 subspecies
- A. g. gentilis:
- A. g. arrigonii:
- A. g. buteoides:
- A. g. albidus:
- North-eastern Siberia to Kamchatka Peninsula
- A. g. schvedowi:
- A. g. fujiyamae:
- A. g. atricapillus:
- A. g. laingi:
- South-western Canada (Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island)
Deciduous or coniferous woodland interspersed with open areas. Often over more open country in winter.
They often sit upright, with a hip-heavy outline. They fly at tree-top level with slow wing-beats interspersed with short straight glides.
Their diet consists mostly of small and medium sized birds and mammals, even capercaillie and hares.
They nest high in a tree, about 10-15 m up. They often re-use the nest.
Usually silent, sometimes lets out a loud kak-kak-kak-kak-kak when disturbed.
- Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Northern Goshawk. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 18 May 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Northern_Goshawk