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18-19 cm. Olive brown upperparts, darker head and short crest. Grey breast, pale yellow belly, brown tail feathers and wings have rufous outer webs and there are two dull wing bars. The sexes are similar.
 Similar Species
Yellowish edging to secondaries help separate this species from similar Ash-throated Flycatcher. I for example Costa Rica very difficult to separate from Brown-crested Flycatcher: beyond call, look at shape of bill, rufous rump, and exact pattern of undertail.
Three subspecies are recognized:
Semi arid desert scrub and tropical deciduous forest
The nest is built in a tree cavity or similar hole and the normal clutch is 3-5 eggs.
It is primarily an insectivore which catches its prey by flycatching amongst the undergrowth, but it will also take berries.
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