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Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

From Opus

Ceyx erithaca

Includes: Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher


[edit] Identification

14cm (5½ in)

  • Rufous head
  • Black forehead spot
  • Yellow underparts
  • Bluish-black upperparts (rufous in rufidorsa)
  • Red bill
  • Orange-red legs and feet
  • Dark eye
rufidorsa, Rufous-backed KingfisherPhoto by sAwnOirOychAng Krabi, Thailand, March 2006
rufidorsa, Rufous-backed Kingfisher
Photo by sAwnOirOychAng
Krabi, Thailand, March 2006

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in China, India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Island of Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sundas

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by kampangMacritchie Reservoir, Singapore, December 2011
Photo by kampang
Macritchie Reservoir, Singapore, December 2011

Five or six subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • C. e. erithaca:
  • C. e. rufidorsa
  • Malay Peninsula, Greater and Lesser Sundas to western Philippines - sometimes accepted as full species, Rufous-backed Kingfisher (the remaining subspecies are then called Black-backed Kingfisher)
  • C. e. macrocarus:
  • C. e. motleyi:
  • Borneo and adjacent northern offshore islands
  • C. e. captus:
  • Nias Island (off north-western Sumatra)
  • C. e. jungei:
  • Batu sland. and Simeulue Island (off north-western Sumatra)

[edit] Habitat

Lowland rainforest and dense undergrowth. Found at heights around 300m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects such as water beetles, grasshoppers, flies and winged ants.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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