- Otus sunia
18–21 cm (7-8¼ in)
Two colour morphs: grey-brown and rufous
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra
There are 9 subspecies:
- O. s. sunia:
- O. s. rufipennis:
- Southern India
- O. s. leggei:
- O. s. nicobaricus:
- O. s. japonicus:
- Breeds Japan, at least partially migratory, but winter range not well documented
- O. s. stictonotus:
- O. s. malayanus:
- O. s. distans:
- northern and eastern Thailand and Indochina
- O. s. modestus:
Dry deciduous forests, with a preference for the edges and glades of open woodland.
Their main diet consists of insects and spiders. They also eat rodents and small birds.
Their nest is a hollow in a tree trunk.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2017)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2022) Oriental Scops Owl. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 3 December 2022 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Oriental_Scops_Owl