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Paradise-crow - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Silky Crow; Brown-winged Bird-of-paradise

Lycocorax pyrrhopterus

Identification

42cm.

  • Slightly glossy blackish dusky-brown head
  • Paler and greyer with dull blue-grey gloss or sheen mantle to uppertail-coverts
  • Brown upperwing
  • Obiensis and morotensis with white patch at concealed bases of primaries
  • Glossy blackish-brown tail
  • Underparts as mantle but paler and with blue-green gloss

Sexes are similar but the female is slightly smaller than the male. Juveniles are more brownish.

Distribution

Moluccan Islands (locally known as Maluku islands) in Indonesia.
Locally common restricted-range species.

Taxonomy

Three subspecies are recognized:

  • L. p. morotensis on Morotai and Rau (Northern Moluccas)
  • L. p. pyrrhopterus on Bacan, Kasiruta and Halmahera (Northern Moluccas)
  • L. p. obiensis on Obi and Bisa (Northern Moluccas)

Obiensis is quite distinctive and might be a separate species.
It is not a true Crow, but a member of the Bird-of-Paradise family Paradisaeidae.

Habitat

Lowland, hill and montane forest. Also in fairl open agricultural land with some trees and scrub. Occurs from sea-level up to 1700m (on Bacan).

Behaviour

The diet consists mainly of fruits and some arthropods.
Forages usually alone or in twos, sometimes in smaller groups or with Pigeons.
Breeding season from December to early June. It is one of the few monogamous birds-of-paradise. The nest is an open bowl-shaped structure made of curled vine stems, tendrils, dead leaves and/or moss. It's placed 4 - 15m above the ground in a tree fork. Lays 1 egg.
No informations about movements.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

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