- Melaniparus afer
Length 14-15 cm, mass 17-22 g.
Adult male: Crown and lores to nape glossy black. Broad buffy white band from the base of the bill to the sides of the neck. Mantle, back, rump and upper wing coverts dark greyish brown; flight feathers and primary coverts edged buff. Chin, throat, centre of breast and centre of belly black; flanks and sides of belly and breast pinkish buff. Bill black, eyes brown and legs and feet grey.
Adult female: Similar to the male, but black cap less glossy and bib smaller.
Formerly placed in genus Parus.
Melaniparus afer has two subspecies:1
- M. a. afer from south-western Namibia and South Africa west of about 22°E; and
- M. a. arens from Lesotho and South Africa (south of 28°30'S and 22°E to 29°30'E), is darker than nominate.
Woodland, shrubland, cropland and farmyards.
Found in pairs or small groups; forages in branches and foliage of trees and shrubs mainly for insects and other invertebrates, also some fruit; calls often while foraging.
A cooperative breeder. The nest is a pad of fine material at the bottom of a cavity, often in a tree, earth bank or stone wall. Two to five eggs are laid July to March.
- Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Grey Tit. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 13 May 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Grey_Tit