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Pheasant-tailed Jacana

From Opus

Breeding PairPhoto © by Alok Tewari Basai Wetland, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, May-2018
Breeding Pair
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai Wetland, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, May-2018
Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Non-breeding Plumage Photo © by Alok Tewari Dist. Jhajjar, Haryana, India, November 2014
Non-breeding Plumage
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Jhajjar, Haryana, India, November 2014

39–58 cm (15¼-22¾ in); tail in breeding season 14-23 cm. Females larger
Breeding

  • Black overall plumage
  • White wings, head and foreneck
  • Golden hindneck

Grey legs and very long toes
Non-breeding adult lacks the long tail. White underparts, except for a brown breast band and neck stripe. The side of the neck is golden.
Young birds have brown upperparts. The underparts are white, with a weak brown breast band.

[edit] Distribution

India, south east Asia and the Philippines.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Wetlands, particularly in central plain.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Juvenile Photo ©  by Shantilal Varu Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, September 2017
Juvenile
Photo © by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, September 2017

The female lays 4 brown eggs with black markings in floating nests. They are incubated by the male, who also cares for the young. The female mates with possibly up to 10 more males through the season.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects and invertebrates. Gleaned from the water's surface or from floating vegetation.

[edit] Vocalisation

Their call is a mewing me-onp and a nasal teeun.
In the following recording, can be heard four types of calls / song produced by a pair of Jacanas, feeding in the wetland and was dived and harassed by Red-wattled Lapwings and House Crows. Occasional calls by the latter two are also heard in the background.


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Basai Wetlands, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, June-2015.

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
  3. The Beauty of Birds

[edit] External Links


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