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Philippine Fairy-bluebird

From Opus

Photo © by Mark HarperInfata Road, Luzon, Philippines, 19 March 2019
Photo © by Mark Harper
Infata Road, Luzon, Philippines, 19 March 2019

Alternative name: Black-mantled Fairy-bluebird

Irena cyanogastra

Contents

[edit] Identification

23.3-27.5cm (9¼-10¾ in).

  • Deep black lores, frontal band above bill, face, side of neck, chin, throat and upper breast
  • Rich, glossy royal blue cap with violet tinge, extending to upper neck
  • Deep indigo blue rest of neck, scapulars and upper body
  • Black and blue wings
  • Blue tail with black centre
  • Deep indigo underparts, undertail-coverts broadly tipped glossy royal blue
  • Red eye
  • Subspecies differ mainly in extent of black versus indigo on upperparts

Females similar to males but slightly duller and less sharp demarcation of ventral indigo against black.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to the Philippines.
Still common in suitable habitat. However, has declined as habitat is rapidly fragmented and lost due to deforestation.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Four subspecies recognized[1]:

  • I. c. cyanogastra in northern Philippines (Luzon and Polillo)
  • I. c. ellae in the Philippines (Bohol, Samar and Leyte)
  • I. c. melanochlamys in southern Philippines (Basilan)
  • I. c. hoogstraali in southern Philippines (Mindanao and Dinagat)

Formerly considered conspecific with Asian Fairy-bluebird.

[edit] Habitat

Found in closed-canopy lowland evergreen forest and lower montane forest.
Occurs from plains up to c. 1500m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on fruit, especially figs. Forages high in top canopy, venturing also to fruit crops at forest edge.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season probably from March to August. Nest obviously cup-shaped. No other information.

[edit] Movements

This is a resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334726

[edit] External Links

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