• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Pied Bushchat - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Pied Bush Chat)
Photo © by Romy Ocon
Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, July 2005
Saxicola caprata

Identification

13–14 cm (5-5½ in)
Male

  • Mainly black
  • White rump, wing patch and lower belly

Female

  • Dark brown upperparts
  • Rufous underparts and rump
  • Lacks the white wing patches

Juveniles similar to females

Subspecies S. c. randi, female
Photo © by Bobby6425
Tabunan, Cebu, Philippines, September 2009

Similar Species

Slightly smaller than the Siberian Stonechat

Distribution

Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh eastwards to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 16 subspecies[1]:

Subspecies rossorum
Photo © by Seyed Babak Mus
Bazangan lake, Iran, Spring 2005
  • S. c. caprata: Northern Philippines (Luzon, Lubang and Mindoro)
  • S. c. randi : Philippines (Negros, Bohol, Masbate, Ticao, Cebu, Siquijor)
  • S. c. anderseni: Southern Philippines (Mindanao, Camiguin Sur, Leyte and Biliran)
  • S. c. fruticola: Java, Bali. Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Lomblen and Alor
  • S. c. pyrrhonotus: Lesser Sundas (Kisar, Wetar, Sawu, Semau, Roti and Timor)
  • S. c. francki: Sumba Island (Lesser Sundas)
  • S. c. cognatus: Babar Island (Lesser Sundas)
  • S. c. albonotatus: Sulawesi, Salayar and Butung islands
  • S. c. aethiops: Northern New Guinea and New Britain (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • S. c. belensis: Central mountains of New Guinea (Wissel Lakes to Snow Mountains)
  • S. c. wahgiensis: Central highlands of New Guinea to Huon Peninsula and south-eastern mountains

Habitat

Subspecies S. c. burmanicus, juvenile
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, June-2017

Scrub, rough grassland and cultivation.

Behaviour

Both males and females perch on grass stems, rocks and other vantage points where they drop down for insects or catch them on the wing. In the breeding season the males will drive off competitors often followed by the female and sing from exposed perches. Not shy and can be very approachable.

Breeding

It builds its nest in a hole in a wall or similar site, and lays 2-5 eggs.

Diet

This species is insectivorous, and like other chats hunts from a prominent low perch

Juvenile (possibly juvenile)
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, India, August 2014

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. AvianWeb

Recommended Citation

External Links


Top