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14Â·5â€“16 cm (5Â¾-6Â¼ in)
It is the females which cause the greatest problems, especially in autumn or winter when they can look almost identical to some Black-eared Wheatears. Pied Wheatears though have more obvious pale fringes on the upperparts (which are usually a colder, greyer brown) and if they show any orangey colour on the breast it will merge gradually into the black or plain brown of the throat.
Breeds in dry, stony areas in the far east of Europe from the Black Sea coasts in the northeast of Bulgaria through eastern Romania, Moldova, southern Ukraine and southernmost Russia, and across southwest and central Asia from Kazakhstan and easternmost Turkey east to northern China.
The non-Russian European total of 3-6,000 pairs are found almost entirely in Romania, plus some in Moldova and Bulgaria. Over 100 000 pairs also breed from the Crimean Penisula eastwards into Asia.
Widely recorded as a vagrant, in e.g. Britain, Finland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece (including Crete, Lesvos, Rhodes), Malta, Libya, Egypt, Nepal, Pakistan, India, and South Africa.
This is a monotypic species, but with two morphs, black-throated and white-throated, the latter formerly sometimes treated as a subspecies O. p. vittata. The black-throated morph dominates, comprising 92-98% of the population.
Arid rocky and scrubby areas especially at sites by the coast such as cliff-tops. Desert and semi-desert.
The diet consists mostly of insects, such as ants and beetles, with the addition of autumn fruit.
They nest on open, stony, sparsely vegetated habitats, laying 4-6 eggs in a rock crevice under a boulder.
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