Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Discover the ZEISS Digital Nature Hub

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Pine Siskin

From Opus

Photo © by AvidbirdmanFrisco, Colorado, USA, 11 November 2005
Photo © by Avidbirdman
Frisco, Colorado, USA, 11 November 2005
Spinus pinus

Carduelis pinus


[edit] Identification

11-14 cm (4.3-5.5 in)

  • Short, forked tail
  • Long, pointed wings
  • Long, slender bill
  • Brown body with heavy streaking
  • Yellow wing and tail patches

[edit] Male

Bright yellow wingbars

[edit] Distribution

Female left, male right on thistle socks. Photo © by DaddylionSouth-eastern Michigan, USA, Februrary 2009
Female left, male right on thistle socks.
Photo © by Daddylion
South-eastern Michigan, USA, Februrary 2009

Canada, Alaska and northern parts of the United States, occasionally travelling much further south in cold winters. They have been observed in Texas during the 2008-2009 winter.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Carduelis.

[edit] Subspecies[1]

  • S. p. pinus:
  • Coniferous forests of southern Alaska to US; winters to central Mexico
  • S. p. macroptera:
  • S. p. perplexus:

[edit] Habitat

Coniferous and deciduous forests, woodlands, parks, shade trees near human habitation, alder thickets, and brushy pastures.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Includes seeds, plant parts and some insects.

[edit] Breeding

The female builds a large, shallow cup of twigs, grass, bark strips, rootlets, leaves, and lichen, lined with moss, plant down, hair, and feathers. 3 to 4 eggs are laid and incubated by the female for about 13 days. She is fed by the male. The young leave the nest after 13 to 17 days, and the parents continue to feed the young for about three more weeks.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, April 14). Pine siskin. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:00, May 22, 2020, from
  3. Dawson, W. R. (2020). Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  4. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 2019. Pine_Siskin in: All About Birds. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Accessed on 22May 2020.

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.22915912 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 14:47.