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Eastern Towhee - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
Male (red eyed)
Photo by lunatic
New Jersey, USA, May 2011
Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Identification

Male

  • Rufous sides
  • Black upperparts, and breast
  • White underparts
  • White outer tail feathers are seen in flight
Female
Photo by mmdnje
Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Female

  • Brownish upperparts
  • Rufous sides
  • White underparts
  • Similar patterned to male, only black areas are replaced with brown

Juvenile

  • Brown with heavy streaking on both upper and underside

Distribution

Eastern United States north to New York and Massachusetts.

Taxonomy

Formerly considered conspecific with the Spotted Towhee as the Rufous-sided Towhee.

Subspecies

White-eyed (Florida) form
Photo by bobsofpa
Everglades National Park, Florida, USA, February 2007

There are 4 subspecies[1]:
Eastern Towhee (Red-eyed)

  • P. e. erythrophthalmus:
  • P. e. canaster:

Eastern Towhee (White-eyed)

  • P. e. rileyi:
  • P. e. alleni:
  • Central peninsula Florida to tip of peninsula

Habitat

Deciduous forest and woodland edges, scrub, fields and gardens.

Gallery

Click on image to enlarge

Behaviour

Breeding

They nest in low vegetation or on the ground under shrubs.

Diet

Seedeaters, they readily visit garden feeders.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links


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