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Plain Pigeon

From Opus

Adult Photo © by Joseph MorlanMaria La Gorda, Pinar del Río, Cuba, 5 November 2015
Adult
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Maria La Gorda, Pinar del Río, Cuba, 5 November 2015

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length: 38 cm (15 in)
Bill is grey with brownish tip, eye pale (dark in immature birds), feet red. The name indicates a relatively uniform bird, and it is mostly that being greyish brown and paler than other large pigeons from the area. Notice, however, the following:

  • Contrasting, pale grey uppertail coverts
  • Thin white band across upperwing gives a flight pattern hinting at White-winged Dove, but narrower. Can also just be seen on the sitting bird.
  • Reddish brown on folded wings and breast

[edit] Distribution

Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico; rare in most of range, more common in Hispaniola2.

[edit] Taxonomy

Plain Pigeon has in the past been placed in genus Columba.

[edit] Subspecies

This is a polytypic species. Three subspecies are currently recognized1.

  • P.i. inornata: Cuba, Isle of Pines and Hispaniola
  • P.i. exigua: Jamaica
  • P.i. wetmorei: Puerto Rico

Some authorities consider this species to be monotypic5.

[edit] Habitat

Mostly lowlands where found in semi-open areas to dry forests and coastal scrub. Occasional at moderate elevation.

[edit] Behaviour

Flight is strong. Frequently occurs alone, but may aggregate where less rare.

[edit] Diet

Includes fruits, berries, seeds, buds, leaves and flowers.

[edit] Breeding

Recorded in April, May and July in Cuba; season Apr–July in Hispaniola; appears to breed year-round in Puerto Rico, with peak in mid-winter.

[edit] Vocalisations

Song is a series of coos, typically starting with a single note followed by double notes that are two to three syllable Whoo-whoa or Who-ho-aah.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Raffaele et al. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0713649054
  3. Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). Plain Pigeon (Patagioenas inornata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54138 on 29 November 2018).
  4. Miyamoto, M. M., Allard, M. W. and Moreno, J. A. (1994) Conservation genetics of the Plain Pigeon (Columba inornata) in Puerto Rico. Auk 111: 910-916.
  5. Banks, R.C. (1986) A taxonomic reevaluation of the Plain Pigeon (Columba inornata). Auk 103(3): 629–631.

[edit] External Links

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