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Plumbeous Rail - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Stanley Jones
Lago Pomacoches, Pomacoches, Amazonia, Peru, January 2017
Pardirallus sanguinolentus


30–38cm (11¾-15 in)
Adult: brownish mantle and wings, slaty underside, neck and head, red eye, red legs, bill that is mostly greenish-yellow but with blue over red at the base.
Juvenile: shorter, all black bill, duller body plumage, duller, reddish legs, eye dark brown.


Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, as well as Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.


Juvenile and adult (click on photo for larger version)
Photo by njlarsen
Torres del Paine, Chile, December 2009

Formerly included in the genus Rallus.


Six subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • P. s. simonsi:
Arid littoral of Peru to northern Chile
  • P. s. tschudii:
  • Temperate Peru (upper Río Marañón) to Lake Titicaca
  • P. s. zelebori:
  • P. s. sanguinolentus:
  • P. s. landbecki:
  • Central Chile (Atacama to Llanquihue) and adjacent Argentina
  • P. s. luridus:
  • Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn Archipelago


In or near swamps, ponds, and other water bodies.


This is one of the more easily viewable rails, sometimes walking out from vegetation cover to open water or land.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Alvaro Jaramillo. 2003. Birds of Chile. Princeton Field Guides. ISBN 0-691-11740-3

Recommended Citation

External Links

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