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 Similar species
The range is expanding both northward and westward.
Temperate hardwood forests, swampy woods, open deciduous and coniferous forests with a supply of old dead trees.
They eat insects such as beetles, ants and flies, either in flight or from tree trunks, as well as fruits, seeds and nuts.
They make their nests in decayed tree cavities or trees such as elms, maples and willows.
Chirrup call similar to tree frog, plus an abrupt chuck chuck chuck.
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