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Red-billed Malkoha - BirdForum Opus

Photo by 996sps
Sepilok, Sabah, Malaysia, May 2009
Zanclostomus javanicus

Phaenicophaeus javanicus



  • Grey upperparts
  • Glossed bluish green on back and wings
  • White tipped tail
  • Rufous underparts with grey lower-breast bar
  • Grey or blue bare skin around eye
  • Red bill with blackish culmen

Sexes similar. Juveniles also similar but with narrow rectrices and shorter white tip of tail.


Found from southern Burma and southern Thailand through peninsular Malaysia to Sumatra, Borneo and Java.
Uncommon or rare to locally common.


This is a monotypic species.
Placed in genus Zanclostomus by Dickinson (2003) and Gill & Wright (2008). Formerly placed in Phaenicophaeus.


Subtropical or tropical dry forests.
Occurs from lowlands to hilly areas up to 1000m, sometimes up to 1500m.



Feeds on large insects. Takes also spiders and crustaceans.


Breeds in June in Malaysia, April in Kalimantan. A monogamous species. The nest is a flimsy platform made of twigs. The eggs are chalky white.


A resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2012. IOC World Bird Names (version 3.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

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