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Red-breasted Wheatear

From Opus

Subspecies bottaePhoto © by mikemikYemen, November 2010
Subspecies bottae
Photo © by mikemik
Yemen, November 2010

Alternative name: Botta's Wheatear

Oenanthe bottae


[edit] Identification

Subspecies frenataPhoto © by volker sthamerYemen, November 2010
Subspecies frenata
Photo © by volker sthamer
Yemen, November 2010

15–16 cm (6-6ΒΌ in)

  • Greyish-brown forecrown
  • Brownish-grey mantle and back
  • White supercilium
  • Dark eye mask
  • Pale orangey-buff breast and flanks
  • Whitish underparts
  • White rump

Sexes similar
Juvenile: paler with buff spots on upperparts, dark scaly feathers on underparts

[edit] Distribution

Africa and the Middle East
Eastern Africa: Ethiopia and Eritrea
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

  • O b. bottae: (Buff-breasted)
Highlands of south-western Arabia (Mecca to Yemen)
  • O b. frenata: (Rusty-breasted)
Highlands of Eritrea and Ethiopia

[edit] Habitat

Sparsely vegetated hillsides and cultivated terraces mostly around 2300–3000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

They often bob their tails.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects and their larvae. Little other detail is known.

[edit] Breeding

There is not a lot known. They place their nests in field walls, banks, under boulders or rodent burrows. They appear to breed throughout the year.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Collar, N., J. del Hoyo, G. M. Kirwan, and D. A. Christie (2020). Red-breasted Wheatear (Oenanthe bottae), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

[edit] Recommended Citation

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