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Red-capped Cardinal

From Opus

Photo by Stanley Jones Napo Wildlife Center Lodge, Orellana Province, Ecuador, January 2016
Photo by Stanley Jones
Napo Wildlife Center Lodge, Orellana Province, Ecuador, January 2016
Paroaria gularis


[edit] Identification

16·5 cm (6½ in)
Glossy blue black above; entire head and upper throat scarlet; lores and large triangular patch on lower throat black extending onto chest; rest of underparts white.
Immature: scarlet on head replaced by buffy brown.

[edit] Distribution

Southeast Colombia to southern Venezuela, the Guianas, Peru, Amazonian Brazil and northern Bolivia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies recognized[1]:

Masked Cardinal was formerly considered conspecific; Yellow-billed Cardinal on the other hand might become included under Red-capped Cardinal.

[edit] Habitat

Swamps, mangroves and open areas near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They forage on the ground. Their diet consists of a variety of vegetable matter, from seeds to berries, with the addition of some arthropods.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding takes place from June to September. The nest is a shallow cup, about 9-10 cm wide and 7 cm high and is built in a tree. It is built of thin twigs, and ferns. 2-3 eggs are laid.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song a clear, sweet suweet-ch, repeated at short intervals; call a soft chup.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Birdforum Taxonomy thread read in June 2009
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2016)

[edit] External Links


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