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Red-crested Cardinal

From Opus

AdultPhoto © by Joseph MorlanWaimea Canyon, Kauai County, Hawaii, USA, 8 January 2020
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Waimea Canyon, Kauai County, Hawaii, USA, 8 January 2020

Alternative name: Brazilian Cardinal

Paroaria coronata


[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by Neil GrubbKaua'i, Hawaiian Islands, 31 May 2005
Photo © by Neil Grubb
Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands, 31 May 2005

19 cm (7½ in)

  • Dark grey
  • White neck and underparts
  • Bright red head, crest and upper breast
  • Silvery-grey bill
  • Dark legs

Sexes similar
Juveniles: brown head, crest and upper breast with a dark bill

[edit] Distribution

South America: found from Bolivia to central Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and extreme south-eastern Brazil.

Introduced to the Hawaiian Islands around 1930. Common on most of the main islands, except for Hawaii Island where no established wild populations are confirmed and it may only exist as occasionally escaped cage birds.

[edit] Taxonomy

This bird is not actually a Cardinal (Cardinalidae) but recently transferred from the Sparrows (Emberizidae) to the Tanagers (Thraupidae) along with five other "Cardinals" in the genus Paroaria (SACC Proposal 276). Despite similarities it is not closely related to the familiar Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) which is a member of the Cardinal/Grosbeak family (Cardinalidae).

[edit] Subspecies

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Shrubs, trees, parks, dry forests

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The clutch consists of 2-5 greenish eggs with evenly spread brown marks, incubated by the female for 12-13 days.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes seeds, plant matter, insects, and fruit. It is a ground feeder.

[edit] Vocalisation

The typical song is sweet, melodious and slowly delivered, often a repetitive series of alternating notes. Call is a nasal rising note.

[edit] Movements


[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Jaramillo, A. (2020). Red-crested Cardinal (Paroaria coronata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 January 2020).
  3. Linn, A., K. J. Burns, and C. H. Richart (2015). Red-crested Cardinal (Paroaria coronata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  4. Pyle, R.L., and P. Pyle. 2017. The Birds of the Hawaiian Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status. B.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A. Version 2 (1 January 2017)
  5. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, January 1). Red-crested cardinal. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:28, January 26, 2020, from
  6. Red-crested Cardinal in National Finch and Softbill Society

[edit] External Links


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