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Red-headed Parrotfinch - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Red-capped Parrotfinch

Erythrura cyaneovirens

Identification

10 cm.

  • Red forehead, crown and face
  • Bluish-green upperparts
  • Green upperwing with some blue tinge
  • Red rump and uppertail-coverts
  • Dull red central tail feathers, other tail feathers brown with red edges
  • Deep blue chin, throat and breast, rest of underparts more greenish
  • Grey to blue eyering

Female similar but sometimes paler. Juveniles similar to adult but with blue to green face.

Distribution

Endemic to Samoa.
A restricted-range species, widespread but uncommon, generally decreasing.

Taxonomy

Two subspecies recognized:

  • E. c. cyaneovirens in western Samoa (Savai'i and Upolu)
  • E. c. gaughrani on Savai'i (Western Samoa)

HBW[3] still includes Fiji Parrotfinch and Royal Parrotfinch in this species.

Habitat

Moist forests, usually closed-canopy or degraded forest. Occurs from sea-level up to mountains.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on wild figs, rice, seeds, insects and spiders. Takes also nectar.
Forages in treetops for fruits and on ground for rice, seeds and insects. Usually singly, in pairs or in family groups.

Breeding

Breeding observed from January to April, in July and August. The nest is elliptical or round with a narrow side entrance made of fibres and stems. It's placed in a tree 3 to 8 m above the ground, often in figs and epiphytes. Lays 3 to 4 eggs.

Movements

No information available.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)

Recommended Citation

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