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Red-headed Woodpecker

From Opus

Photo © by KC FogginMyrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA, November 2005
Photo © by KC Foggin
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA, November 2005
Melanerpes erythrocephalus


[edit] Identification

21 - 24 cm (8¼-9½in)

  • Red head
  • Blue-black back
  • White under parts
  • Wings black with white inner patches
  • White rump.

[edit] Distribution

Mid- to eastern United States. Summer range extends to the Canadian border, but winters more southerly in the range. Uncommon in northeast.

Photo © by etowKilldeer Plains Wildlife Area, Ohio November 2005
Photo © by etow
Killdeer Plains Wildlife Area, Ohio November 2005

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Subspecies brodkorbi and caurinus are not generally recognised[2]

[edit] Habitat

Mature mixed deciduous and hardwood forests, woodlands with dead trees.

[edit] Behaviour

Prefer open deciduous woods, preferably with plenty of oaks nearby.

[edit] Diet

JuvenilePhoto © by CurtMorganOld Troy Rd, Albany, New York, November 2015
Photo © by CurtMorgan
Old Troy Rd, Albany, New York, November 2015

Their varied diet consists of animal matter during the spring, moving on to seeds and plant material in the winter months.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2016)

[edit] External Links


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