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Red-necked Francolin

From Opus

Alternative name: Red-necked Spurfowl

Pternistis afer


[edit] Identification

25–38cm (9¾-15 in)

  • Dark, brown upperparts
  • Black-streaked whitish underparts
  • Scarlet bill, bare facial skin, throat, neck and legs

[edit] Distribution

Central belt of Africa (Angola and Congo to Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique) and down the east coast to southern South Africa.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • P. a. cranchii:
  • P. a. harterti:
  • P. a. leucoparaeus:
  • Coastal Kenya (Tana River to Tanzania border)
  • P. a. melanogaster:
  • Mozambique north of Zambezi River to eastern Tanzania and eastern Zambia
  • P. a. swynnertoni:
  • Interior Mozambique south of Zambezi River to south-eastern Zimbabwe
  • P. a. afer:
  • P. a. castaneiventer:

[edit] Habitat

Wooded grassland, savanna, bush, open scrub and thickets.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a bare scrape. Their clutch contains 3-9 eggs.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of seeds, tubers, bulbs, roots, berries and grass stalks although it will also eat insects and their larvae.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2019)
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

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