Alternative name: Red-necked Spurfowl
- Pternistis afer
25–38cm (9¾-15 in)
- Dark, brown upperparts
- Black-streaked whitish underparts
- Scarlet bill, bare facial skin, throat, neck and legs
Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.
There are 7 subspecies:
- P. a. cranchii:
- P. a. harterti:
- P. a. leucoparaeus:
- Coastal Kenya (Tana River to Tanzania border)
- P. a. melanogaster:
- Mozambique north of Zambezi River to eastern Tanzania and eastern Zambia
- P. a. swynnertoni:
- Interior Mozambique south of Zambezi River to south-eastern Zimbabwe
- P. a. afer:
- P. a. castaneiventer:
- South Africa (southern and eastern Cape Province)
Wooded grassland, savanna, bush, open scrub and thickets.
The nest is a bare scrape. Their clutch contains 3-9 eggs.
Their diet consists of seeds, tubers, bulbs, roots, berries and grass stalks although it will also eat insects and their larvae.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2019)
- BF Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Red-necked Francolin. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 September 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Red-necked_Francolin