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Red-necked Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Red-necked Spurfowl

Pternistis afer


25–38cm (9¾-15 in)

  • Dark, brown upperparts
  • Black-streaked whitish underparts
  • Scarlet bill, bare facial skin, throat, neck and legs


Central belt of Africa (Angola and Congo to Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique) and down the east coast to southern South Africa.


Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.


There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • P. a. cranchii:
  • P. a. harterti:
  • P. a. leucoparaeus:
  • Coastal Kenya (Tana River to Tanzania border)
  • P. a. melanogaster:
  • Mozambique north of Zambezi River to eastern Tanzania and eastern Zambia
  • P. a. swynnertoni:
  • Interior Mozambique south of Zambezi River to south-eastern Zimbabwe
  • P. a. afer:
  • P. a. castaneiventer:


Wooded grassland, savanna, bush, open scrub and thickets.



The nest is a bare scrape. Their clutch contains 3-9 eggs.


Their diet consists of seeds, tubers, bulbs, roots, berries and grass stalks although it will also eat insects and their larvae.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2019)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

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