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Red-necked Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Red-necked Spurfowl

Pternistis afer

Identification

25–38cm (9¾-15 in)

  • Dark, brown upperparts
  • Black-streaked whitish underparts
  • Scarlet bill, bare facial skin, throat, neck and legs

Distribution

Central belt of Africa (Angola and Congo to Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique) and down the east coast to southern South Africa.

Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.

Subspecies

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • P. a. cranchii:
  • P. a. harterti:
  • P. a. leucoparaeus:
  • Coastal Kenya (Tana River to Tanzania border)
  • P. a. melanogaster:
  • Mozambique north of Zambezi River to eastern Tanzania and eastern Zambia
  • P. a. swynnertoni:
  • Interior Mozambique south of Zambezi River to south-eastern Zimbabwe
  • P. a. afer:
  • P. a. castaneiventer:

Habitat

Wooded grassland, savanna, bush, open scrub and thickets.

Behaviour

Breeding

The nest is a bare scrape. Their clutch contains 3-9 eggs.

Diet

Their diet consists of seeds, tubers, bulbs, roots, berries and grass stalks although it will also eat insects and their larvae.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2019)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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