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Red-whiskered Bulbul

From Opus

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by Neil Hong Kong, China, July 2005
Nominate subspecies
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong, China, July 2005
Pycnonotus jocosus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies P. j. pyrrhotisPhoto by max1 Dudwha Nat Park , E. India, January 2018
Subspecies P. j. pyrrhotis
Photo by max1
Dudwha Nat Park , E. India, January 2018

18โ€“20ยท5 cm (7-8 in)

  • Brown upper-parts
  • White underparts
  • Buff flanks
  • Dark spur running onto the breast at shoulder level
  • Tall pointed black crest
  • Red face patch
  • Black moustachial line
  • Long brown tail with white terminal feather tips
  • Red vent

Sexes are similar in plumage, but young birds are duller than adults.

[edit] Distribution

Asia: Pakistan, India, south-east Asia and China.

They have been introduced to many countries, including Australia and Hawaii.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Juvenile, Nominate subspeciesPhoto by Neil Hong Kong, China, May 2005
Juvenile, Nominate subspecies
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong, China, May 2005

There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • P. j. fuscicaudatus: West India (Tapiti River to Kerala and northern Madras)
  • P. j. abuensis: West India (northern Bombay to south-western Rajasthan)
  • P. j. pyrrhotis: Valley of Nepal and northern India (eastern Punjab to Bihar)
  • P. j. emeria: Lowlands of eastern India to Myanmar and south-western Thailand
  • P. j. whistleri: Andaman Islands
  • P. j. monticola: East Himalayas from Sikkim to northern Myanmar and south-western China (Yunnan)
  • P. j. pattani: Thailand to northern Malaya and southern Indochina
  • P. j. hainanensis: North Vietnam and south-eastern China (southern Guangdong); Naozhou Island
  • P. j. jocosus: South China (Guizhou to Guangxi, eastern Guangdong and Hong Kong)

[edit] Habitat

Lightly wooded areas, open country with bushes and shrubs.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They build their nest in a bush; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of fruit (particularly lantana berries), nectar, flower buds and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Early morning call
Recording by louisaslater
Waikiki, Hawaii

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Two individuals moving through mid-size bushes and communicating alongside a busy highway, late afternoon.
Rudrapur, Uttarakhand, India, October-2016.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2017)
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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