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Ribbon-tailed Astrapia

From Opus

MalePhoto by Mark HarperAmbua Lodge, Tari, Papua New Guinea, August 2008
Male
Photo by Mark Harper
Ambua Lodge, Tari, Papua New Guinea, August 2008

Alternative names: Ribbon-tailed Bird-of-paradise; Ribbon Tail

Astrapia mayeri

Contents

[edit] Identification

Male 32cm (12½ in); 125cm including rectrices, female 35cm (13¾ in); 53cm including rectrices.

[edit] Male

Male who has lost his tail ribbonsPhoto © by dandsblairKumul, Papua New Guinea, 12 May
Male who has lost his tail ribbons
Photo © by dandsblair
Kumul, Papua New Guinea, 12 May
  • Short, narrow and graduated tail with an extraordinarly elongated white central pair of rectrices
  • Velvety jet-black head with iridescent metallic yellowish-green and/or blue and violet-purple and/or magenta sheen
  • Jet-black narial tuft above base of upper-mandible
  • Jet-black mantle to uppertail-coverts with iridescent sheen of bronzed olive-green
  • Brownish-black wings
  • Intense metallic yellowish-green throat extending to upper breast, sometimes scale-like appearance
  • Lower breast velvety jet-black with iridescent copper-bronze sheen, bordered below by narrow gorget of iridescent coppery red
  • Matt brownish-black vent and undertail-coverts
  • Dark brown eye
  • Blackish bill

[edit] Female

  • Jet-black head and nape with iridescent metallic bronzed yellowish-green
  • Velvety blackish mantle and back
  • Drab blackish-brown rest of plumage
  • Rufous to buff-brown abdomen with fine blackish barring
  • Much shorter tail, no white ribbons

This species requires at least six years to acquire the full adult plumage.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to a small area in Papua New Guinea from Doma Peaks, upper Strickland River, Muller Range and Karius Range east to Porgera/Mount Liwaro highlands, Mount Hagen and Mount Giluwe.
Fairly common to locally abundant restricted-range species.

Immature malePhoto by djringerKumul Lodge, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea, November 2006
Immature male
Photo by djringer
Kumul Lodge, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea, November 2006

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Hybridization with Princess Stephanie's Astrapia recorded.

[edit] Habitat

Highland forests, also in disturbed forest. Occurs at 1800 - 3450m, mostly above 2450m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mostly on fruits but takes also arthropods, spiders and frogs. These birds use their bill to dig insects out of the ground and trees.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding recorded all year except in April. A polygynous species. Males concentrate on leks where they sing and display from traditional perches. The female builds and attends the nest alone. The nest is deep and cup-shaped. It's placed 3 - 18m above the ground in an almost vertical tree fork. Lays one egg.

[edit] Vocalisation

Several voices have been described. They include a guttural sound followed by two sharp whistles, frog-like sounds, or harsh hissing sounds.

[edit] Movement

Presumably a resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Frith, C. & Frith, D. (2019). Ribbon-tailed Astrapia (Astrapia mayeri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60640 on 25 November 2019).
  4. Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

[edit] External Links


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