Alternative Name: Ring-necked Parakeet
- Psittacula krameri
37–43 cm (14½-17 in)
- Green plumage
- Long tail, with blue-green central feathers and yellower side feathers
- Red bill, often with black lower mandible
- Black neck-ring
- Pink nape-band
- Full plumage acquired in third year.
Female and immature both lack the neck rings, or show a shadow-like pale to dark grey neck-ring and a light nape-band.
Feral populations widespread and increasing rapidly in Europe, southwest Asia, South Africa, Hawai'i, California, Florida and South America. Most are considered to be of the subspecies P. k. borealis although some may be of hybrid stock.
- P. k. krameri:
- P. k. parvirostris:
- P. k. borealis:
- P. k. manillensis:
Open countryside with some trees including gardens and parks.
They can form very large flocks.
Nests in holes in trees; usually lays 3-4 eggs, in late winter or early spring.
Diet includes fruit, nuts, berries, seeds, buds, and vegetables. Often considered a pest species causing damage to crops.
A raucous screech. Particularly noisy in flight, but can also sit quietly in trees for long periods.
Click images to see larger version
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
- Birdforum thread discussing separating male, female and juvenile of this species.
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2022) Rose-ringed Parakeet. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 5 December 2022 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Rose-ringed_Parakeet
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.