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Rose-ringed Parakeet

From Opus

(Redirected from Ring-necked Parakeet)
Psittacula krameri borealis, male (above), juvenile (below)Photo by SANJEEVLucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, March 2014
Psittacula krameri borealis, male (above), juvenile (below)
Photo by SANJEEV
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, March 2014

Alternative Name: Ring-necked Parakeet

Psittacula krameri


[edit] Identification

Psittacula krameri manillensis, femalePhoto by surunairMumbai, India; February 2013
Psittacula krameri manillensis, female
Photo by surunair
Mumbai, India; February 2013

37–43 cm (14½-17 in)

  • Green plumage
  • Long tail, with blue-green central feathers and yellower side feathers
  • Red bill, often with black lower mandible


  • Black neck-ring
  • Pink nape-band

Female and immature both lack the neck rings, or show a shadow-like pale to dark grey neck-ring and a light nape-band[3].

[edit] Distribution

Across northern sub-saharan Africa from Mauritania to Eritrea, and southern Asia, in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Burma, and Sri Lanka.

Feral populations widespread and increasing rapidly in Europe, southwest Asia, South Africa, Hawai'i, North and South America. Most are considered to be of the subspecies P. k. borealis.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Psittacula krameri borealis, female. Despite (or because of) its bright colours, surprisingly well camouflaged in foliagePhoto by JoydipKolkata, India, April 2014
Psittacula krameri borealis, female. Despite (or because of) its bright colours, surprisingly well camouflaged in foliage
Photo by Joydip
Kolkata, India, April 2014

Four subspecies are accepted, only showing small differences[1][2]:

  • P. k. krameri:
  • P. k. parvirostris:
  • P. k. borealis:
  • Northern Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, south-western China, and central Myanmar. Bill all-red in male, upper mandible red, lower black, in female.
  • P. k. manillensis:
  • Southern peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Bill with upper mandible red, lower black, in both sexes.

[edit] Habitat

JuvenilePhoto by ammadouxnorth Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, December 2017
Photo by ammadoux
north Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, December 2017

Open countryside with some trees including gardens and parks.

[edit] Behaviour

They can form very large flocks.

[edit] Breeding

Nests in holes in trees; usually lays 3-4 eggs, in late winter or early spring.

[edit] Diet

Diet includes fruit, nuts, berries, seeds, buds, and vegetables. Often considered a pest species causing damage to crops.

[edit] Vocalisation

Photo by Sudhir bhokareKurundwad, India, February 2017
Photo by Sudhir bhokare
Kurundwad, India, February 2017

A raucous screech. Particularly noisy in flight, but can also sit quietly in trees for long periods.

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Urban Garden near residential apartment, Delhi, India, Sep.-2016

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  3. Birdforum thread discussing separating male, female and juvenile of this species.
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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