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Rivoli's Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by bobsofpa
Southwestern Research Station, Portal, Arizona, USA, April 2010
Eugenes fulgens


13 cm. Long, straight or nearly straight, black bill, green-bronze upperparts, becoming more bronzed on the black-tipped tail. Male shows violet crown, bright blue throat, black head, white spot behind the eye. The chest is green-bronze and the belly grey. Female has bronze-green upperparts and dull grey underparts. There is a white stripe behind her eye. Immature birds are like the female, but darker and browner.


Southwest United States to northeast Nicaragua. Accidental vagrant to Kansas.


This is a monotypic species.
It was formerly considered conspecific with Talamanca Hummingbird under the name Magnificent Hummingbird.


Mountains, and montane forests.


The female builds a cup shaped nest in bamboo. Two (2) white eggs are laid and incubated by the female for 15-19 days; the young fledge 20-26 days later.

Diet includes nectar, and some small insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

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