Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Rock Kestrel

From Opus

Immature femalePhoto © by max1West Coast National Park, Western Cape, South Africa, 31 October 2017
Immature female
Photo © by max1
West Coast National Park, Western Cape, South Africa, 31 October 2017
Falco rupicolus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Adult female in flightPhoto © by BintyCape Point, South Africa, 29 June2014
Adult female in flight
Photo © by Binty
Cape Point, South Africa, 29 June2014

27–35 cm (10½-13¾ in) - Female is larger than male.

  • Black spotting on rufous upperparts.
  • Light underwing, lightly barred.
  • Gray head and tail
  • Male has broad black subterminal tail-band tipped with white.
  • Female is browner with narrow black tail bars in addition to broad black subterminal band and more streaking on crown.
  • Juvenile has head brownish, more heavily streaked with buff tips to flight feathers.

[edit] Similar Species

Male Lesser Kestrel has unspotted back, gray greater coverts and unmarked silvery-white underwings. Greater Kestrel is larger with brown head, barred, not spotted upperparts and mostly white underwings.

[edit] Distribution

Africa: from northern Angola to Democratic Republic of the Congo, southern Tanzania and South Africa.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
This species was formerly considered a subspecies of the Common Kestrel from which it differs in its genetic distinctiveness and reduced sexual dimorphism.

[edit] Habitat

Wide variety of habitats including fynbos, desert and cliffs; usually close to rocky outcrops.

Adult malePhoto © by CollinBaxDurbanville, Cape Town, South Africa, 19 August 2009
Adult male
Photo © by CollinBax
Durbanville, Cape Town, South Africa, 19 August 2009

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Actions

Forages by hovering over open country, pouncing on prey on the ground. Also hunts from a perch.

[edit] Diet

Mostly of small mammals, birds, reptiles and insects.

[edit] Breeding

Monogamous. Nest is usually a scrape on cliff ledge but sometimes uses crow's nests or man-made structures where natural sites are unavailable.

[edit] Vocalisation

Metallic high-pitched kik-kik-kik. Also kreee-kreee notes.

[edit] Movements

Generally sedentary with local movements.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  4. Orta, J., Boesman, P. & Marks, J.S. (2018). Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53213 on 8 July 2018).
  5. Sinclair, I., Hockey, P.A.R., and Arlott, N. (2005). The Larger Illustrated Guide to Birds of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town. ISBN 978-1775840992
  6. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.24581003 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 23:24.