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Rock Parrot

From Opus

Photo by Oregonian Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse, Augusta-Margaret River, Western Australia, August 2018
Photo by Oregonian
Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse, Augusta-Margaret River, Western Australia, August 2018
Neophema petrophila

Contents

[edit] Identification

22 cms (8¾ in)
Male

  • Brownish-olive upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Dark blue forehead
  • Blue facial mask (extending slightly past the eye)
  • Blue bend of wing and flight feathers

Female: duller. Immature: duller, less blue; pale wing-stripe in flight.

[edit] Variations

Some individuals have an orange patch on the belly.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to Australia. Can be found in coastal South Australia, between Kingston and Ceduna and southern Western Australia from Cape Arid National Park to Geraldton.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Some refer to 2 subspecies; petrophila in Western Australia and zietzi in South Australia. Zietzi has a darker blue frontal band.

[edit] Habitat

They are only found on coastlines and offshore rocky islands. It frequents coastal dunes, mangroves, saline swamps and rocky islets. Rarely seen more than a few hundred metres from the sea.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in crevices in low cliff, rockface or overhang, mostly on small islands. Their clutch contains 3 to 6 eggs, with incubation taking between 18 and 21 days. Only the hen incubates. Young are independent in 4-5 weeks.

They will sometimes double brood, but the second nest often fails due to excess heat.

[edit] Diet

Its diet consists of seeds and fruits of grasses, shrubs and succulent plants.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Parrot Society.org
  3. Birds in Backyards. http://birdsinbackyards.net/species/Neophema-petrophila
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2018)

[edit] External Links

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