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Ruby-crowned Kinglet

From Opus

Photo by fugl. Reno, Nevada, USA
Photo by fugl.
Reno, Nevada, USA
Regulus calendula

Contents

[edit] Identification

9-11cm. (3-4 inches) A tiny bird with a thin bill, broken eye ring, olive upperparts, pale olive underparts. It has a single major white wing bar with a very minor secondary bar, often indistinct or hidden. Flight feathers and tail have yellow edges. The male has a thin red patch in centre of crown that can be raised (often inobvious or hidden). The most significant diagnostics for identification are the single wing bar, the size, and the frenetic level of activity.

[edit] Distribution

Showing yellow solesPhoto by KC FogginMyrtle Beach, South Carolina, March 2014
Showing yellow soles
Photo by KC Foggin
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, March 2014

Most of North America

[edit] Taxonomy

Three subspecies are recognized:[1]

[edit] Habitat

Comon and widespread in coniferous and mixed forests, as well as riparian areas. Highly migratory.

[edit] Behaviour

Often travels in small mixed flocks. Forages busily (almost frantically) along branches of trees and bushes. Often in dense brush or thickets. Extremely active, rarely perching for more than a few seconds. Only raises the brilliant ruby crest when excited.

  • Diet: The diet includes insects such as moths, beetles, ants, wasps, butterflies, caterpillars, spiders and elderberries and weed seeds. They also drink tree sap and some fruit.
  • Breeding: Both sexes build the nest which is a hanging globe shaped cup among twigs of a pine branch. The nest is built of moss and cobwebs and lined with feathers, rootlets and soft bark. The nest can be found in a spruce, firs or pines. 5-11 (usually 7-9) eggs are laid which are white with brown spots. The eggs hatch within 12-13 days and are incubated by the female. The first young leaves the nest approximately 13 days after hatching.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

[edit] External Links

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