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Ruddy-breasted Seedeater

From Opus

Adult male, subspecies S. m. centralisPhoto © by Niels J. LarsonYahiza Wetlands, Darien, Panama, 22 January 2018
Adult male, subspecies S. m. centralis
Photo © by Niels J. Larson
Yahiza Wetlands, Darien, Panama, 22 January 2018
Sporophila minuta

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies S. m. centralis Photo © by Joseph Morlan Old Gamboa Road, Summit, Panama, 27 January 2010
Female, subspecies S. m. centralis
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Old Gamboa Road, Summit, Panama, 27 January 2010

8·6–9·6 cm (3¼-3¾ in)
Male nominate:

  • Quite variable with brown and gray morphs.
  • Grey crown and face
  • Grey, streaky back
  • Lower back and rump rufous
  • Distinct white rectangular patch on folded wing.
  • White spot at bill base
  • Entire underparts rufous
  • Eye, bill and legs dark

Female: Nondescript, warm buffy brown on crown, nape, mantle and back. Breast similar buff-brown contrasting with paler throat. Darker color extending to flanks and contrasting with paler belly and vent.
Juvenile: Like female; immature male gradually acquires adult-like features.

[edit] Similar Species

Within range female difficult to separate from female Yellow-bellied Seedeater. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater is smaller, lacks yellow tones on its underparts and has more pale fringing on its wing coverts.

[edit] Variations

Race parva male is more blue-grey above lacking brownish tones of nominate. Female warmer buff than other races. Race centralis male is similar to nominate but smaller and browner above. Female like nominate.

Male, subspecies S. m. minutaPhoto © by Oregonian Near Maceo, eastern Antioquia, Colombia, 27 August 2006
Male, subspecies S. m. minuta
Photo © by Oregonian
Near Maceo, eastern Antioquia, Colombia, 27 August 2006

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America:
Central America: found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia and Brazil

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • S. m. parva:
  • S. m. centralis:
  • S. m. minuta:

[edit] Habitat

They like open spaces and are often seen beside roads, in parks and close to houses.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of grass seeds.

Female or immature, subspecies S. m. minutaPhoto © by rkaPitch Lake, Trinidad, 20 January 2018
Female or immature, subspecies S. m. minuta
Photo © by rka
Pitch Lake, Trinidad, 20 January 2018

[edit] Breeding

They construct an open cup nest from grasses notable because it usually contains a few stem grass stems that stick up above the rim of the cup. Clutch 2-3 white eggs with brown spotting.

[edit] Vocalisations

Song is simple but plaintive and sweet, see-seeur tee-te-e-e-e, seeeeeur tse-e-e-e. Call variable sharp chip or chunk.

[edit] Movements

Mostly sedentary, but may disperse when food is scarce because of drought.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Rising, J. & Jaramillo, A. (2019). Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (Sporophila minuta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62129 on 10 January 2019)
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (Sporophila minuta), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/rubsee1

[edit] External Links

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