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Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush

From Opus

Catharus frantzii
Photo by the late Jim WoodSavegre Lodge in the Highlands of Costa Rica
Photo by the late Jim Wood
Savegre Lodge in the Highlands of Costa Rica


[edit] Identification

15 -18 cm. Olive-brown upperparts, rufous crown and nape, pale gray underparts, becoming whitish on the belly, and orange lower mandible. The juvenile is darker faced, has pale centres to the upperpart feathers, brownish flanks and breast, and dark barring or spots on the belly.

[edit] Similar species

Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush has all dark bill, has brown breast band, and has at least part of the crown grey. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush has both bill and legs pink to orange.

[edit] Distribution

Mexico to western Panama.

[edit] Taxonomy

Seven subspecies are recognized.[1]

  • C. f. frantzii -- Mountains of w Jalisco to c Michoacán, c MĂ©xico and Morelos
  • C. f. confusus -- Mts. of se San Luis PotosĂ­ to ne Hidalgo, ne Puebla and n Oaxaca
  • C. f. nelsoni -- Mountains of s Mexico (sw Guerrero to se Oaxaca)
  • C. f. chiapensis -- Mountains of s Mexico (central Chiapas)
  • C. f. juancitonis -- Mountains of s Mexico (s Chiapas) to Guatemala and Honduras
  • C. f. waldroni -- Mountains of n Nicaragua
  • C. f. wetmorei -- Mountains of Costa Rica and w Panama (ChiriquĂ­)

[edit] Habitat

The undergrowth of wet mountain oak and conifer forests.

[edit] Behaviour

It builds a bulky lined cup shaped nest in dense undergrowth or a thicket, often near water. 2 brown-blotched greyish or greenish-blue eggs are laid and incubated by the female for 15-16 days. The young are fed by both parents for 14-16 days more to fledgling.

Feeds on or near the ground. The diet includes insects and spiders, and small fruits.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from

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