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Ruffed Grouse - BirdForum Opus

Male displaying
Photo by GaryT.
Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, March 2006
Bonasa umbellus


Identification

43–48 cm (17-19 in); largish grouse with short crest and fan-shaped tail (with sub-terminal band)

  • Greyish-brown head, neck and back
  • Light breast has barring
  • Ruffs are on the sides of the neck

Both sexes are similarly marked and sized

Distribution

Female
Photo by CurtMorgan
Five River's Environmental Education Center, Delmar, New York, April 2016

Canada and northern United States.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Fourteen subspecies are recognized:[1]

Habitat

They can be found in a wide variety of woodland habitats.

Behaviour

Breeding

Ground nesters, the clutch typically consisting of 6–8 eggs. The nests are occasionally parasitized by Ring-necked Pheasants or Wild Turkeys that lay eggs in the nests.

Diet

Their diet consists of buds, leaves, berries, seeds, and insects.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2016)
  3. New World Encyclopaedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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