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Ruffed Grouse - BirdForum Opus

Male displaying
Photo by GaryT.
Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, March 2006
Bonasa umbellus


43–48 cm (17-19 in); largish grouse with short crest and fan-shaped tail (with sub-terminal band)

  • Greyish-brown head, neck and back
  • Light breast has barring
  • Ruffs are on the sides of the neck

Both sexes are similarly marked and sized


Photo by CurtMorgan
Five River's Environmental Education Center, Delmar, New York, April 2016

Canada and northern United States.



Fourteen subspecies are recognized:[1]


They can be found in a wide variety of woodland habitats.



Ground nesters, the clutch typically consisting of 6–8 eggs. The nests are occasionally parasitized by Ring-necked Pheasants or Wild Turkeys that lay eggs in the nests.


Their diet consists of buds, leaves, berries, seeds, and insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2016)
  3. New World Encyclopaedia

Recommended Citation

External Links