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Rufous-tailed Plantcutter

From Opus

MalePhoto © by Luis R Los Maitenes, Cajon del Maipo, Santiago, Chile, August 2015
Male
Photo © by Luis R
Los Maitenes, Cajon del Maipo, Santiago, Chile, August 2015
Phytotoma rara

Contents

[edit] Identification

18-20cm (7-8 in)
Male

  • Rufous forehead and crown
  • Rear neck, back and upper tail coverts brown with black stripes
  • Cinnamon-rufous throat, chest, abdomen and under tail coverts
  • Black wings with white transversal band
  • Tail:
  • Black central retrices
  • Rufous band on middle of remaining feathers
  • Bill wide
  • Red eyes
FemalePhoto © by Luis RSan Antonio de Naltahua, Isla de Maipo, Chile, June 2015
Female
Photo © by Luis R
San Antonio de Naltahua, Isla de Maipo, Chile, June 2015

Female

  • Greyish-brown upperparts with black stripes
  • Cinnamon throat
  • White chest and abdomen with fine black stripes (more noticeable on chest and flanks)
  • Black wings black (lacking white band of male)

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in central and southern Chile and Argentina; accidental Falkland Islands

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Open thorny scrub, gardens, farmland and orchards.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their mainly vegetarian diet consists of grass and other green plant material, fruit and berries. They also take some insects.

[edit] Breeding

Immature malePhoto © by nkgrayEl Peral, Cartagena, Chile, July 2013
Immature male
Photo © by nkgray
El Peral, Cartagena, Chile, July 2013

They builds a cup-shaped nest from root fibre and twigs, in the forks of fruit trees. The clutch consists of 2 to 4 light blue-green eggs with some dusky specks.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2015)
  3. Deviant Art

[edit] External Links

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